J-integral analysis: an EDXD and DIC comparative study for a fatigue crack

Data normalization across 23 detector elements

Research by the James Marrow Group, and collaborators from Portsmouth University executed in I12: the Joint Engineering, Environment and Processing (JEEP) beamline at Diamond Light Source.  Synchrotron Energy Dispersive X-ray Diffraction (EDXD) and Digital Image Correlation (DIC) have been applied to map simultaneously the 2D elastic strain and displacement fields of a propagating fatigue crack in the HAZ of a welded Cr2Ni4MoV bainitic steel.

The position of the crack tip was tracked via a phase congruency analysis of the displacement field, and also by detection of its cyclic plastic zone. Both types of full-field data provided independent inputs to finite element/J-integral analyses that directly quantified the elastic cyclic stress intensity factor range applied to the crack.

No knowledge was required of the specimen geometry, crack length or applied loads. The agreement between the two analyses in this controlled study shows that strain mapping by synchrotron EDXD can provide a reliable method to study the crack fields in more complex problems, such as interactions between crack closure, residual stresses and applied loading.   The paper is available to read online : International Journal of Fatigue.