Enhanced Li-O2 Battery Performance

Li2O2 deposit layers

Research by the Peter Bruce Group and collaborators at the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology as reported in Advanced Materials Technologies explains that Low capacity, poor rechargeability, and premature cell death are major setbacks in the operation of Li‐O2 battery, hindering its practical application. A promising approach of meeting those challenges is via the use of redox mediators (RMs), promoting Li2Osolution phase formation upon cell discharge and an efficient oxidation on charging. The use of dual RMs decouples the electrochemical reactions at the cathode with formation/decomposition of Li2O2, resulting in improved discharge capacity, lower charge overpotential, and cycle stability. Although Li‐O2 cell performance is no longer mitigated by an insulating Li2O2, a major inherent barrier to implement viable and functioning Li‐air batteries lies in both limited O2 mass transport and pores clogging. A record discharge capacity of 6 mAh cm−2 (60% increase), by combining dual RMs with “liquid Teflon” type perfluorocarbons binary system, is demonstrated. The combination of the two materials in the cell contributes to the enhanced cell performance manifested also in lower charge overpotential values throughout dozens of cycles. This is also attributed to the unique compact and an exceptionally smooth morphology of the Li2O2 deposit layers at both ends of the air cathode.