Personal Homepages

Michael Moody

Professor Michael Moody
Professor of Materials
Fellow of Trinity College

Department of Materials
University of Oxford
16 Parks Road
Oxford OX1 3PH

Tel: +44 1865 273693
Tel: +44 1865 273693 (Room 179.30.20)
Tel: +44 1865 273777 (reception)
Fax: +44 1865 273789 (general fax)

Atom Probe Group website

Summary of Interests

My interests are focused upon enabling materials research at the nanoscale via the microscopy techniques of atom probe tomography (APT) and field ion microscopy (FIM). APT is a technique capable of material characterisations at the atomic-scale, in which each atom is identified chemically and located in three-dimensions with very high accuracy. Hence, it is a technique rapidly rising in prominence. The Atom Probe Group in the Department of Materials at the University of Oxford is interested and active in all areas of this research across a broad range of material systems.

In particular, I am developing a variety of new analytical techniques to improve the three dimensional reconstructions generated by APT and the subsequent atom-by-atom analysis of the resulting data.  I am interested in applying these techniques to the characterisation of a wide variety of systems to inform materials research projects.

Research Publications

K.Y. Xie, A.J. Breen, L. Yao, M.P. Moody, B. Gault, J.M. Cairney, S.P. Ringer, Overcoming challenges in the study of nitrided microalloyed steels using atom probe, Ultramicroscopy, 112 (2012) 32-38.

F. Tang, D.S. Gianola, M.P. Moody, K.J. Hemker, J.M. Cairney, Observations of grain boundary impurities in nanocrystalline Al and their influence on microstructural stability and mechanical behaviour, Acta Materialia, 60 (2012) 1038-1047.

T. Homma, M. Moody, D. Saxey, S. Ringer, Effect of Sn Addition in Preprecipitation Stage in Al-Cu Alloys: A Correlative Transmission Electron Microscopy and Atom Probe Tomography Study, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, (2012) 1-11.

B. Gault, X.Y. Cui, M.P. Moody, F.d. Geuser, C. Sigli, S.P. Ringer, A. Deschamps, Atom probe microscopy investigation of Mg site occupancy within δ precipitates in an Al–Mg–Li alloy, Scripta Materialia, (2012).

V. Araullo-Peters, B. Gault, S.L. Shrestha, L. Yao, M.P. Moody, S.P. Ringer, J.M. Cairney, Atom probe crystallography: Atomic-scale 3-D orientation mapping, Scripta Materialia, (2012).

W.K. Yeoh, B. Gault, X.Y. Cui, C. Zhu, M.P. Moody, L. Li, R.K. Zheng, W.X. Li, X.L. Wang, S.X. Dou, G.L. Sun, C.T. Lin, S.P. Ringer, Direct Observation of Local Potassium Variation and Its Correlation to Electronic Inhomogeneity in (Ba1-xKx)Fe2As2 Pnictide, Physical Review Letters, 106 (2011) 247002.

L. Yao, M.P. Moody, J.M. Cairney, D. Haley, A.V. Ceguerra, C. Zhu, S.P. Ringer, Crystallographic structural analysis in atom probe microscopy via 3D Hough transformation, Ultramicroscopy, 111 (2011) 458-463.

K.L. Torres, B. Geiser, M.P. Moody, S.P. Ringer, G.B. Thompson, Field evaporation behavior in [0 0 1] FePt thin films, Ultramicroscopy, 111 (2011) 512-517.

L.T. Stephenson, M.P. Moody, S.P. Ringer, Theory of solute clustering in materials for atom probe, Philosophical Magazine, 91 (2011) 2200 - 2215.

L.T. Stephenson, M.P. Moody, B. Gault, S.P. Ringer, Estimating the physical cluster-size distribution within materials using atom-probe, Microscopy Research and Technique, 74 (2011) 799-803.

M.P. Moody, F. Tang, B. Gault, S.P. Ringer, J.M. Cairney, Atom probe crystallography: Characterization of grain boundary orientation relationships in nanocrystalline aluminium, Ultramicroscopy, 111 (2011) 493-499.

M.P. Moody, B. Gault, L.T. Stephenson, R.K.W. Marceau, R.C. Powles, A.V. Ceguerra, A.J. Breen, S.P. Ringer, Lattice Rectification in Atom Probe Tomography: Toward True Three-Dimensional Atomic Microscopy, Microscopy and Microanalysis, 17 (2011) 226-239.

B. Gault, S.T. Loi, V.J. Araullo-Peters, L.T. Stephenson, M.P. Moody, S.L. Shrestha, R.K.W. Marceau, L. Yao, J.M. Cairney, S.P. Ringer, Dynamic reconstruction for atom probe tomography, Ultramicroscopy, 111 (2011) 1619-1624.

B. Gault, D. Haley, F. de Geuser, M.P. Moody, E.A. Marquis, D.J. Larson, B.P. Geiser, Advances in the reconstruction of atom probe tomography data, Ultramicroscopy, 111 (2011) 448-457.

B. Gault, Y.M. Chen, M.P. Moody, T. Ohkubo, K. Hono, S.P. Ringer, Influence of the wavelength on the spatial resolution of pulsed-laser atom probe, J. Appl. Phys., 110 (2011) 094901-094905.

F. Tang, T. Alam, M.P. Moody, B. Gault, J.M. Cairney, Challenges Associated with the Characterisation of Nanocrystalline Materials using Atom Probe Tomography, in: J.F. Nie, A. Morton (Eds.) Pricm 7, Pts 1-3, Trans Tech Publications Ltd, Stafa-Zurich, 2010, pp. 2366-2369.

B. Gault, M. Muller, A.L. Fontaine, M.P. Moody, A. Shariq, A. Cerezo, S.P. Ringer, G.D.W. Smith, Influence of surface migration on the spatial resolution of pulsed laser atom probe tomography, J. Appl. Phys., 108 (2010) 044904.

B. Gault, M.P. Moody, F. De Geuser, A. La Fontaine, L.T. Stephenson, D. Haley, S.P. Ringer, Spatial Resolution in Atom Probe Tomography, Microscopy and Microanalysis, 16 (2010) 99-110.

B. Gault, A. La Fontaine, M.P. Moody, S.P. Ringer, E.A. Marquis, Impact of laser pulsing on the reconstruction in an atom probe tomography, Ultramicroscopy, 110 (2010) 1215-1222.

A.V. Ceguerra, R.C. Powles, M.P. Moody, S.P. Ringer, Quantitative description of atomic architecture in solid solutions: A generalized theory for multicomponent short-range order, Physical Review B, 82 (2010) 132201.

A.V. Ceguerra, M.P. Moody, L.T. Stephenson, R.K.W. Marceau, S.P. Ringer, A three-dimensional Markov field approach for the analysis of atomic clustering in atom probe data, Philosophical Magazine, 90 (2010) 1657 - 1683.

R.K. Zheng, M.P. Moody, B. Gault, Z.W. Liu, H. Liu, S.P. Ringer, On the understanding of the microscopic origin of the properties of diluted magnetic semiconductors by atom probe tomography, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 321 (2009) 935-943.

M.P. Moody, B. Gault, L.T. Stephenson, D. Haley, S.P. Ringer, Qualification of the tomographic reconstruction in atom probe by advanced spatial distribution map techniques, Ultramicroscopy, 109 (2009) 815-824.

B. Gault, M.P. Moody, F. de Geuser, G. Tsafnat, A. La Fontaine, L.T. Stephenson, D. Haley, S.P. Ringer, Advances in the calibration of atom probe tomographic reconstruction - art. no. 034913, J. Appl. Phys., 105 (2009) 34913-34913.

B. Gault, M.P. Moody, F. de Geuser, D. Haley, L.T. Stephenson, S.P. Ringer, Origin of the spatial resolution in atom probe microscopy, Appl. Phys. Lett., 95 (2009) 1-3.

S.K. Seal, K. Rajan, S. Aluru, M.P. Moody, A.V. Ceguerra, S.P. Ringer, Tracking Nanostructural Evolution in Alloys: Large-scale Analysis of Atom Probe Tomography Data on Blue Gene/L, in: The 37th International Conference On Parallel Processing (ICPP-08), Portland, Oregon, USA 2008.

M.P. Moody, L.T. Stephenson, A.V. Ceguerra, S.P. Ringer, Quantitative binomial distribution analyses of nanoscale like-solute atom clustering and segregation in atom probe tomography data, Microscopy Research and Technique, 71 (2008) 542-550.

B. Gault, M.P. Moody, D.W. Saxey, J.M. Cairney, Z. Liu, R. Zheng, R.K.W. Marceau, P.V. Liddicoat, L.T. Stephenson, S.P. Ringer, Atom Probe Tomography at The University of Sydney, in:  Advances in Materials Research - Frontiers in Materials Research, Springer, Berlin Heidelberg, 2008, pp. 187-216.

B. Gault, F. de Geuser, L.T. Stephenson, M.P. Moody, B.C. Muddle, S.P. Ringer, Estimation of the reconstruction parameters for atom probe tomography, Microscopy and Microanalysis, 14 (2008) 296-305.

L.T. Stephenson, M.P. Moody, P.V. Liddicoat, S.P. Ringer, New techniques for the analysis of fine-scaled clustering phenomena within atom probe tomography (APT) data, Microscopy and Microanalysis, 13 (2007) 448-463.

M.P. Moody, L.T. Stephenson, P.V. Liddicoat, S.P. Ringer, Contingency table techniques for three dimensional atom probe tomography, Microscopy Research and Technique, 70 (2007) 258-268.

M.F. Herman, M.P. Moody, Numerical study of the accuracy and efficiency of various approaches for Monte Carlo surface hopping calculations - art. no. 094104, Journal of Chemical Physics, 122 (2005) 94104-94104.

M.P. Moody, P. Attard, Monte Carlo simulation methodology of the ghost interface theory for the planar surface tension, Journal of Chemical Physics, 120 (2004) 1892-1904.

M.F. Herman, O. El Akramine, M.P. Moody, Globally uniform semiclassical surface-hopping wave function for nonadiabatic scattering, Journal of Chemical Physics, 120 (2004) 7383-7390.

M.P. Moody, F. Ding, M.F. Herman, Phase corrected higher-order expression for surface hopping transition amplitudes in nonadiabatic scattering problems, Journal of Chemical Physics, 119 (2003) 11048-11057.

M.P. Moody, P. Attard, Curvature-dependent surface tension of a growing droplet - art. no. 056104, Physical Review Letters, 9105 (2003) 6104-6104.

M.P. Moody, P. Attard, Homogeneous nucleation of droplets from a supersaturated vapor phase, Journal of Chemical Physics, 117 (2002) 6705-6714.

P. Attard, M.P. Moody, J.W.G. Tyrrell, Nanobubbles: the big picture, Physica A-Statistical Mechanics and Its Applications, 314 (2002) 696-705.

M.P. Moody, P. Attard, Curvature dependent surface tension from a simulation of a cavity in a Lennard-Jones liquid close to coexistence, Journal of Chemical Physics, 115 (2001) 8967-8977.


Projects Available

*/**Enabling 3D Atomic-Scale Imaging of Hydrogen in to Investigate Hydrogen Embrittlement of Zirconium Alloy Fuel Cladding in Fission Reactors
D. Haley, P. Bagot, M. Moody

The Atom Probe Research Group is undertaking leading research into the atomistic origins of Hydrogen Embrittlement (HE). HE is a critical issue and is highly prevalent across a diverse range of engineering applications, including the design of fission reactors. In particular, hydrogen is absorbed during the oxidation of Zircaloys, during service as fuel cladding in nuclear reactors, and can lead to embrittlement through delayed hydride cracking. The development of microscopy techniques which are able to characterise the behaviour of hydrogen at the atomic scale are key to developing an improved understanding of the mechanisms driving the degradation of zirconium alloy components. This is a key challenge facing the nuclear industry, particularly with new limits on the amount of hydrogen uptake into the material coming into force.

Atom probe tomography (APT) is unique in its ability to spatially locate in 3D individual hydrogen atoms within a complex alloy microstructure. Hence, this project underpinned by the development of new isotopic doping techniques combined with APT.  It will utilise novel instrumentation and methodologies for studying the interaction between gases and atomically clean surfaces, as well as the examination of samples electrolytically charged in heavy water. In particular, the project will focus on the interaction between hydrogen and irradiation induced damage to the Zircaloy microstructure, correlating this to hydride formation and ultimately the failure of the material due to HE. This project will be undertaken in close collaboration with researchers at the National Nuclear Laboratory (NNL).

Candidates are considered in the January 2018 admissions cycle which has an application deadline of 19 January 2018.  

This 4-year industrial studentship is funded by NNL will provide full fees and maintenance for a student who has home fee status (this includes an EU student who has spent the previous three years (or more) in the UK undertaking undergraduate study).  The stipend will be at least £16,553 per year.  Other EU students should read the guidance at for further information about eligibility.

Any questions concerning the project can be addressed to Professor Michael Moody (  General enquiries on how to apply can be made by e mail to  You must complete the standard Oxford University Application for Graduate Studies.  Further information and an electronic copy of the application form can be found at

Also see homepages: Michael Moody

Developing Atom Probe for 3D Atomic-Scale Imaging of Biomaterials
M. P. Moody / P. A. J. Bagot

Atom Probe Tomography (APT) underpins the research and development into a wide range of materials and devices. This 3D atom-by-atom imaging offers the exciting potential to provide truly unique insights to biomaterials research into materials such as teeth, bone, synthetic implant. However, the application to APT to the analysis of biomaterials can be extremely complicated. There are significant challenges to not only to undertake successful experiments, but also to maximise the quantity and accuracy of information that can be extracted from the data. In this project we will develop APT specimen preparation, experiment, 3D atom-by-atom image reconstruction and data analysis for reliable and routine characterisation of biomaterials in collaboration with our research partners at Imperial College and UCL.

Also see homepages: Michael Moody

Atom Probe Tomography of CERN and ITER superconducting wires
C Grovenor / M Moody

Some of the highest performing superconducting materials are now being developed for very high current applications in the magnets and power cables for large international machines for physics research (CERN) and for fusion demonstrators (ITER). These materials have extremely complex microstructures that are optimised for carrying very high currents in large magnetic fields, and controlling the elemental distributions at the nanaoscale is a vital part of the manufacturing process.  Atom Probe Tomography is the ideal technique to study these materials, but has not yet been much used in the optimisation in this field.  This project will allow the student to work closely with our collaborators in CERN and the USA to apply this technique to developing a better understanding of how the details of the manufacturing process influence the nanoscale chemistry and hence the superconducting properties of these materials.

Also see homepages: Chris Grovenor Michael Moody

Also see a full listing of New projects available within the Department of Materials.